Quantifying cascading effects in trade networks

2020-08-13 16:40
Network Resilience, Sustainable Cities, and the Global Food System: Princeton - PIK - SRC workshop

Stochastic events can affect the ability of a country to produce and export natural resources such as food. When exposed to such events, an importing country will face a deficit on the expected trade of a product and turn to another trading partner to supply its demand. This simple mechanism can therefore couple oscillations on resource exploitation and consumption in far away places of the planet, a phenomenon theorized as telecouplings1. Here we use montly time series of salmon trade to recostruct a network of potential telecoupling effects, this is when the export dynamics of a country \(c_i\) to \(c_j\) causally affects the dynamics of exports from \(c_k\) to \(c_j\). Our results show that non-linear causal effects do not spread more than few degrees of separation in the trade network; and in fact less than 20 time series out of 402 mapped links in the network have a forecasting skill higher than 20% on secondary links. We offer empirical evidence of telecoupling in the salmon trade network as well as an innovative methodological approach to assess causality of non-linear dynamics in networked systems.

Juan C. Rocha

Juan investigates critical transitions: from regime shifts in ecosystems to collective action in society.

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